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600 million kw of renewable energy power generation installed
Standing in the historical node, looking back to the eighteen years of the party's five big years, it is hard and full of enthusiasm. In the course of this magnificent and vigorous progress, China's energy field reform is hard to meet, and the belief in the energy structure adjustment will remain unchanged, and the road of transformation and development is unswervingly taken, which has laid a new hope for the realization of the optimization of energy structure.
In the past 5 years, the rapid development of clean energy, represented by wind power, photovoltaic and nuclear power, has made the proportion of clean energy consumption in our country continuously improved, building an increasingly perfect energy consumption system, to dissolve the overcapacity of coal as the grasp, to eliminate backward coal mines, to increase the supply of high quality production capacity, and to reduce the proportion of coal consumption, while reducing the proportion of coal consumption. To promote the clean and efficient use of the banner of coal, to increase the outflow channel, to resolve the abandoning of water and abandon the light as a breakthrough, to increase the planning and construction of the supporting power grid, to achieve the rapid growth of renewable energy installed.
From 14.5% to 20%, clean energy consumption continues to increase
The changes in the structure of energy production and consumption reflect the changes in the energy field since 2012, and have witnessed the rapid development of clean energy, such as wind power, photovoltaic, nuclear power and so on.
The 2012 Statistical Bulletin released by the National Bureau of statistics shows that the total energy production in 2012 is 33.3 billion tons of standard coal in China. Among them, the output of coal is 36.35 billion tons, the output of crude oil is 2.07 billion tons, and the output of natural gas is 107 billion 220 million cubic meters. The annual generation capacity is 4 trillion and 937 billion 770 million kwh, of which thermal power is 3 trillion and 855 billion 450 million kwh, hydropower is 860 billion 850 million kwh, and nuclear power is 97 billion 390 million kwh.
In terms of energy consumption, the total amount of energy consumption in 2012 was 36.2 million tons of standard coal, the consumption of coal increased by 2.5% compared with the previous year; the consumption of crude oil increased by 6%, and the consumption of natural gas was increased by 10.2%. The energy consumption of the national gross domestic product (GDP) dropped by 3.6% over the previous year. In primary energy consumption, coal accounted for 67%, crude oil accounted for 19%, natural gas accounted for 5%, and hydropower, wind power and nuclear power accounted for 9%.
It is important to note that 5 years ago, China's coal consumption and crude oil consumption showed a growing trend; in the primary energy consumption, coal, oil and other traditional energy accounted for 86%, while clean energy, such as hydropower, wind power, nuclear power and natural gas, accounted for only 14.5%.
In the next 5 years, from Xinjiang to Gansu, Inner Mongolia to Liaoning, a white fan stood up; from the Red River to Fangchenggang, from Ningde to Fuqing, several nuclear power units have been put into operation. China's nuclear power has entered the "three generation" era; from Zhejiang to Jiangsu, Qinghai to Ningxia, a block of blue photovoltaic The source of the electric plate is constantly exporting green energy... By the end of 2016, the above two groups of data had undergone tremendous changes.
The 2016 Statistical Bulletin released by the National Bureau of statistics shows that the total energy production in 2016 is 34.6 billion tons of standard coal in China. Among them, coal production is 34.1 billion tons, crude oil output is 1.99 million tons, and natural gas output is 136 billion 800 million cubic meters. The annual generation capacity is 6 trillion and 142 billion 490 million kwh, of which thermal power is 4 trillion and 437 billion 70 million kwh, hydropower is 1 trillion and 193 billion 370 million kwh, and nuclear power is 213 billion 290 million kwh.
In terms of energy consumption, China's total energy consumption in 2016 was 43.6 million tons of standard coal, the consumption of coal decreased by 4.7%, the consumption of crude oil increased by 5.5%, the consumption of natural gas increased by 8%, and the consumption of electricity increased by 5%. The consumption of clean energy, such as hydropower, wind power, nuclear power and natural gas, accounts for 19.7% of total energy consumption.
Behind the figures is the continuous optimization of China's energy production and consumption structure. In the face of happy achievements, although the people are happy and proud of the energy, more is the responsibility and mission, which has also prompted the clean energy consumption to continue to refresh the data.
According to the data released by the state energy administration, China's energy structure has been further optimized in the first half of this year. In the first half of this year, the proportion of clean energy consumption continued to increase, and the share of natural gas and non fossil energy consumption increased to 20%, up 0.3 percentage points from the end of last year.
From 67% to 59.8%, coal accounts for less than 60% of primary energy consumption.
The coal industry, as a main energy source, plays an important role in the optimization of energy structure in China. The decline of coal in the proportion of primary energy consumption is a landmark development of China's energy structure adjustment.
From the change of coal production in China, from 2012~2016, China's coal production was 36.5 million tons, 39.7 billion tons, 38.7 billion tons, 37.5 billion tons and 33.6 billion tons, showing a declining trend year by year since 2013. More importantly, in 2014, China's coal consumption was in the first decline in this century, from 2014~2016, coal consumption. The decrease was 2.9%, 3.7% and 4.7% respectively.
In the past 5 years, China has introduced and implemented the substitutes for coal subtraction, in the three key areas of Beijing, Tianjin, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, as well as Liaoning, Shandong, Henan and other provinces to carry out substitutes for coal. At present, Shanghai, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang province and Pearl River Delta have completed the goal of reducing coal consumption in advance, and Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei provinces have reached the demand for the reduction of coal consumption time.
The raw coal selection rate increased from 56% in 2012 to 68.9% in 2016. The increase of raw coal selection rate not only saves the transportation capacity of logistics links, but also realizes the clean utilization of coal and improves the comprehensive utilization value of coal. In addition, China has also formulated the Interim Measures for the quality management of commercial coal, encouraging the import of high-quality coal and limiting the import of inferior coal with high ash and high sulfur.
In view of the problem of refractory coal, in early 2016, China began to tackle the tough battle of bulk coal control, changing the way of coal use in rural areas, and gradually reducing the proportion of dispersed coal. In rural areas where conditions are permissible, coal modification, coal modification and central heating are carried out to reduce the use of coal, and to popularize the use of anthracite, clean briquette and biomass molding materials in remote areas to promote energy saving and environmental protection furnaces.
These measures to reduce coal consumption have achieved tangible results. Judging from the proportion of coal in primary energy consumption, it has dropped from 67% in 2012 to 62% in 2016. In the first half of this year, this figure dropped to 59.8%, 0.6 percentage points lower than the same period last year.
The reduction of coal consumption is bound to leave a strong and colorful chapter in the context of the optimization of China's energy structure. The number of these changes has witnessed the structural optimization of the energy industry, taking steps step by step.
From 320 million kilowatts to 600 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of clean energy is nearly doubled.
In the past 5 years, China's power installed capacity has been developing rapidly. The sharp increase of clean energy installed capacity makes the energy structure more perfect and reasonable, and also strengthens the strength and strength of the optimization of energy structure.
In terms of installed capacity, CIC's data show that in 2012, the installed capacity of the country was 1 billion 144 million 910 thousand kilowatts. Thermal power installed capacity of 819 million 170 thousand kilowatts, power installed capacity of 248 million 900 thousand kilowatts, nuclear power installed capacity of 12 million 570 thousand kilowatts, wind power installed capacity of 60 million 830 thousand kilowatts, solar installed capacity of 3 million 280 thousand kilowatts. The above data can be seen that in 2012, thermal power was the main power installed, followed by hydropower, wind power and nuclear power, and photovoltaic power was only 3 million 280 thousand kilowatts. The total amount of clean energy installed at the total amount of 325 million 580 thousand kilowatts. But in the next few years, wind power and photovoltaic power generation continued to develop rapidly.
At the end of 2016, the installed capacity of the country was 1 billion 645 million 750 thousand kilowatts. Thermal power installed capacity of 1 billion 53 million 880 thousand kilowatts, power installed capacity of 332 million 110 thousand kilowatts, nuclear power installed capacity of 33 million 640 thousand kilowatts, grid connected wind power installed capacity of 148 million 640 thousand kilowatts, grid connected solar power installed capacity of 77 million 420 thousand kilowatts. The installed capacity of clean energy reached 591 million 810 thousand KW.
By comparing the two sets of data of power installed capacity in 2012 and 2016, the installed capacity of electricity, nuclear power, wind power and solar energy was increased from 320 million kW in 2012 to 590 million kW in 2016 while maintaining the steady growth of thermal power installed capacity.
According to the data released by the state energy administration, China's renewable energy power generation installed capacity exceeded 600 million kilowatts in the first half of this year. There are 338 million kilowatts, 154 million kilowatts of wind power installed, 102 million kilowatts for photovoltaic power, and 13 million 300 thousand kilowatts for biomass power generation. In the first half of this year, the total installed capacity of various renewable energy sources increased by 37 million kilowatts, accounting for about 70% of the total installed capacity of all new power plants. This shows that China's energy structure adjustment speed has further accelerated, renewable energy has entered a new stage of large-scale development. At present, China's hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic power generation installed capacity has ranked first in the world.
Looking back on the years of five years of rain and rain, the string of data is proud. This item is exciting. China's energy structure has become more reasonable, and clean energy has become an increase in energy consumption. The end of this timescale is the beginning of the next five years, and the continuous optimization of energy structure in China continues to sail at this moment.